When you think of insects, you probably automatically think of diseases. Not all insects spread diseases, but the ones that do are definitely something to worry about. While some bugs do good things for the environment, like fertilize soil and pollinate plants, their disease-ridden counterparts spread harm and to humans and animals alike. But which bugs are the most dangerous? Below we’ll take a look at the top five nastiest insects that you’ll want to steer clear of.
Mosquitoes have probably been the bane of human existence since the dawn of man. Although mosquitoes are deadlier in underdeveloped countries where diseases are more rampant, they can be equally as dangerous in the U.S., where they have been known to spread West Nile Virus. The most commonly disease spread by mosquitoes is malaria, which is responsible for the death of tens of thousands each year. Mosquitoes also spread Yellow Fever and Dengue Fever.
To evade mosquitoes, make sure there is no standing water in your yard, employ the use of bug spray and citronella candles, and if all else fails, invest in a bug zapper.
Cockroaches are disgusting in their own right, living for years in inhospitable environments such as landfills and sewer systems. It is said that cockroaches would withstand a nuclear holocaust, a belief that has good reasoning behind it; they can survive almost anything, including an entire week without a head. These pests have roamed the earth since the days of the dinosaurs, and thousands of species exist, although only four species dwell in houses. Cockroaches are filthy creatures that spread bacteria, being that they love to feast on things such as feces, trash, and refuse. In fact, more than 30 bacterial strains have been isolated in cockroach species; most of these bacteria will only cause an upset stomach if you become infected, although some can cause leprosy and typhoid. Pest control professionals are usually required to rid your home of a cockroach infestation.
Ticks may be small, but they’re not to be taken lightly; these pesky little guys are notorious for spreading diseases, especially in rural areas. Ticks typically live in highly vegetated areas, like woods and yards. There are actually over 100 species of ticks, and nearly all of them have a reputation for biting humans. Since ticks feed off of blood, it makes it fairly easy for them to transfer diseases directly into the bloodstream of their victim. Ticks are well-known for carrying diseases such as Encephalitis, Typhus Fever, and Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common illness caused by tick bites, and can have lifelong effects on the body. Lyme disease symptoms include nausea, irritability, and confusion. It’s vital that you always use bug spray and do a thorough check of your hair, body, and clothing when frolicking through the woods.
Fleas are more than just a nuisance; they were responsible for several generations of plague. Millions of people died after flea-bitten rats carried the plague to populated areas. Fleas are still fully capable of carrying – and effectively spreading – diseases easily. If your dog or cat has fleas, be sure to take measures to get rid of the parasites. If your house has become infected with fleas, the easiest way to get rid of them is to call a pest control professional.
Flies are disgusting creatures. They feed and lay their eggs on feces and garbage, then tap-dance all over your food if you let them. Flies also regurgitate their stomach contents onto food in order to liquefy and slurp it up. Really, flies are not a pest that you want to contend with. Flyswatters, bug spray, and bug zappers are a good way to deal with these disease-spreading pests. It’s also important to remember to keep all food items covered or tightly sealed prior to eating.
Mosquitoes, cockroaches, ticks, fleas, and flies are just a few bugs that carry diseases. It’s always important to take measures of precautions when dealing with insects, especially ones that bite. Bug spray can really your best friend, especially during the warm summer months when bugs roam rampant. If you’re planning on spending a substantial amount of time outdoors this summer, make sure to protect yourself from bug bites that could infect you with diseases.
Author Bio: Chris is a blogger for Excel Pest Control a NJ based pest control company.